The current decline
Many English schools are reducing the numbers of hours, teachers, subjects and choices on offer in Art & Design, Dance, Design & Technology, Drama and Music. This is endangering the talent pipeline to the creative industries and robbing children of the social mobility and opportunities that the arts offer.
Schools are experiencing a real terms cut in funding and are having to choose which subjects they can continue to run. Arts subjects are not included in league tables or performance measures and so are less damaging to cut in accountability terms.
The number of arts teachers and hours the arts are taught in schools are falling
Department for Education figures published in June 2017 show that between 2010 and 2016 the number of hours the arts were taught in England’s secondary schools fell by 17%.
Between 2010 and 2016 the number of arts teachers working in schools fell by 16%.
In comparison the EBacc subjects of History and Geography saw an increase in the number of teachers and of hours taught of between +11% and +23%.
Arts GCSE entries are falling significantly in England
For more detail on the decline in arts entries at Key Stage 4 (age 14-16) see the Entries to Arts subjects at Key Stage 4 report by the Education Policy Institute (EPI).
Students who do not study an arts GCSE end their formal education in arts at age 13/14, or at age 12/13 for children in those schools which are adopting a three-year Key Stage 4. By contrast, in high-performing jurisdictions around the world, including Singapore and Ontario, Canada, pupils are required to study arts subjects to age 17 or 18.
Arts in the School Curriculum
- Art and Design and Music are compulsory subjects that students have to be taught to the end of Key Stage 3 (age 13/14).
- Dance is taught within Physical Education and is compulsory until age 16.
- Drama is included within English and compulsory until age 16 or until students have passed their English GCSE.
The CLA believes that the fall in provision is a result of the accountability system, most notably the English Baccalaureate which excludes art subjects.
English Baccalaureate/EBacc – Schools are required to publish the number of students that get grades 5 to 9 across five subject areas at GCSE level. These are: English, Maths, Sciences, Modern Foreign Languages and Humanities (History and Geography).
Attainment 8 – EBacc is embedded in this. Pupils’ grades in their 8 highest GCSEs are combined to produce a number score. These 8 Best GCSEs must include their grades in Maths and English Language or English Literature GCSE. Maths, and which ever of English Language or English Literature is higher is then double weighted (known as bucket one). A further three of the 8 Best GCSEs need to be drawn from English Baccalaureate subjects (known as bucket two). The final three slots can be any subject (known as bucket three).
Progress 8 – Students’ progress from their SATs baseline at the end of Primary School and the results in their 8 Best GCSEs. Five of the GCSEs have to be in EBacc subjects. The remaining three can be from EBacc or non-EBacc subjects.
Why the arts matter in our education system
The arts have the power to change and shape young lives. They provide knowledge, skills, values and attributes that can play a significant role in young people's development, creating opportunities for them to express their ideas and form their values, and equipping them to navigate a rapidly changing world.
The arts are not an add-on, or a nice-to-have, but are part of the fabric of our society, and all young people have a right to experience the best, and to be given the opportunity to contribute to the arts and culture of the future.
In schools, the arts should be a vital part of a broad and balanced curriculum, with social, educational, economic and personal benefits for children and young people, and for society as a whole.
Read more in ImagineNation: the value of cultural learning.
If you are concerned about the decline of arts in our schools please add your voice to ours by joining the Cultural Learning Alliance.